As we continue our series of basic Arabic, let’s take a look at some adjectives. Learning Arabic adjectives is key as they are used in used in every day conversation.
We believe that a broad vocabulary will help you master the Arabic language. We‘ve already given examples of places in Arabic (link here), so when describing a place to a friend back home, wouldn’t it be useful if you could know a few adjectives, as well? First, however, let’s look at the role adjectives play in the structure of Arabic grammar.
Arabic Adjectives are words that describe or modify a person or thing in a sentence. Their placement is quite different from English where the adjectives come before the noun, as in “beautiful girl”. In Arabic their placement is reversed: fataah jameela = girl beautiful. Now, just like in English, the adjectives will follow their nouns in multiple aspects, like gender and number. Also, one more particular thing to remember about nouns and adjectives in Arabic is that they can be both defined and undefined using the definite article prefix “al-“. If you’re talking about a random beautiful girl, you use the structure shown above. However, if you want to talk about a specific girl who is known to both parties of the discussion, and you want to say she is a beautiful girl, then you use the structure al-fataah al-jameela.
If you’re feeling courageous and want to use more than one adjective to describe something, just add wah (the equivalent of “and” in English) between them, but it’s not always necessary. Your Arab buddy will understand you, regardless. Now let’s look a bit at our list. Note that the first form is for masculine and the second is for feminine.
Beautiful in Arabic / Jameel / جميل – Jameela /جميلة
Good in Arabic / Jayeed /جيد – Jayeda /جيدة
Happy in Arabic / Sa’eed / سعيد – Sa’eda /سعيدة
Sad in Arabic / Hazeen /حزين – Hazeena /حزينة
Tired in Arabic / Mot’ab / متعب – Mot’ba /متعبة
Delicious in Arabic / Latheeth / لذيذ – Lathetha /لذيذة
Bad in Arabic / Saye’/سيئ – Saye’a /سيئة
Nice in Arabic / Lateef /لطيف – Lateefa /لطيفة
Cold in Arabic /barid/ بارد – Bareda /باردة
Hot in Arabic / Harr /حار – Harrah/باردة or Sakhen / ساخن – Sakhena / ساخنة(temperature)
Light in Arabic / Mode’/ مضيئ – Mode’a / مضيئة(only colors) or Fateh /فاتح (this has no female version)
Dark in Arabic / Mothlem / مظلم – Mothlema /مظلمة or Ghameq /غامق (if it’s used for colors)
Easy in Arabic / Sahl /سهل – Sahla/ صحة
Once you’re done with Arabic adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our basic Arabic words. The bigger the vocabulary, the faster you will be able to speak in Arabic.