Family in Arabic – A List of Close and Extended Members

What’s up, fam? Want to learn the names of the members of a family in Arabic? Both close and extended? Then read on, brothers and sisters!

Family in Arabic – A List of Close and Extended Members

As many of you know, family is one of the most important aspects of Arab culture, and in many Arabic-speaking countries, families maintain their loyalty to their tribal and clan connections. Perhaps this is best exemplified by the ages-old Arab adage: “I and my brothers against my cousins; I and my cousins against the stranger”. Arabs know and speak proudly of both their genealogy and heritage.

With Eid al-Adha just a couple of weeks away,  you can be sure that extended families will be gathering to celebrate the holidays together, and we thought this would be a great time for you to learn the words for the family in Arabic and a few of its members. So, without further ado, let’s get started, shall we?

Below are both the most common relatives and some of the more uncommon ones as well:

Family memberTransliterationArabic
Fatherab      أب
Motherum      أم
Parent (father)wālid      والد
Parent (mother)wālidah      والدة
Parentsabā’      أباء
Child (m)tifl      طفل
Child (f)tiflah      طفلة
Childrenatfāl      أطفال
Sonibn      ابن
Daughteribnah      ابنة
Brotherakh      أخ
Sisterukht      أخت
Grandfatherjad      جد
Grandmotherjaddah      جدة
GrandsonḤafīd      حفيد
GranddaughterḤafīdah      حفيدة
Grandchildrenaḥfād      أحفاد
Uncle (paternal)‘am      عم
Uncle (maternal)khāl      خال
Aunt (paternal)‘ammah      عمة
Aunt (maternal)khālah      خالة
Cousin (male) – (paternal)ibnu al-‘am      إبن العم
Cousin (male) – (maternal)ibnu al-khāl      إبن الخال
Cousin (female) – (paternal)bintu al-‘am      بنت العم
Cousin (female) – (maternal)bintu al-khāl      بنت الخال
Nephew (brother’s son)ibnu al-akh      إبن الأخ
Nephew (sister’s son)ibnu al-ukht      إبن الأخت
Niece (brother’s daughter)ibnatu al-akh      إبنة الأخ
Niece (sister’s daughter)ibnatu al-ukht      إبنة الأخت

Here are some family relations outside of the extended family:

Family memberTransliterationArabic
Fiancekhatīb      خطيب
Fianceekhatībah      خطيبة
Bride‘arūss      عروس
Groom‘arīss      عريس
Wifezawjah      زوجة
Husbandzawj      زوج
Spouse (m)qarīn      قرين
Spouse (f)qarīnah      قرينة

And here are the names of relatives gained through marriage:

Family memberTransliterationArabic
Father-in-law (husband’s father)Ḥamw      حَمْو
Mother-in-law (husband’s mother)Ḥamāh      حماة
Father-in-law (wife’s father)nassīb      نسيب
Mother-in-law (wife’s mother)nassībah      نسيبة
Parents-in-lawasshār / nasāyeb      أصهار /       نسايب
Son-in-law (husband’s son)ibnu az-zawj      ابن الزوج
Son-in-law (wife’s son)ibnu az-zawjah      ابن الزوجة
Daughter-in-law (husband’s daughter)bintu az-zawj      بنت الزوج
Daughter-in-law (wife’s daughter)bintu az-zawjah      بنت الزوجة
Brother-in-law (husband’s brother)okhu az-zawj      أخو الزوج
Brother-in-law (wife’s brother)okhu az-zawjah      أخو الزوجة
Sister-in-law (husband’s sister)okhtu az-zawj      أخت الزوج
Sister-in-law (wife’s sister)okhtu az-zawjah      أخت الزوجة

The husband of your daughter or sister is called صهر / sihr in Arabic meaning  “son-in-law”. If you’re a wife, you call your husband’s father حَمْو  / Ḥamw and his mother is called حماة / Ḥamāh. If you’re the husband, then you call your wife’s father نسيب  / nassīb while your mother-in-law is called نسيبة / nassībah.  There are other names that are used for the in-laws and they vary quite a bit between countries and dialects. The easiest thing to do is simply call the male in-laws نسيب  / nassīb, and the female in-laws نسيبة / nassībah.

If you’d like to learn more about family members in Arabic or want to learn to speak Arabic, why not visit our website, download the Kaleela Arabic learning app, and start learning Arabic today! Along with Modern Standard Arabic, you can learn other Arabic dialects like Egyptian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, and now, even Syrian Arabic! And Kaleela is so convenient – you can learn Arabic anytime, anywhere and at a pace that’s comfortable for you! Kaleela really is the best way to learn Arabic.

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