Comparative and superlative

Comparative and superlative

 

 

Adjectives:

 

كبير

 

/kbeer/

 

Big

 

عَظيم

 

/ʻazeem/

 

Great

 

 

 


 

 

Adjectives:

 

صغير

 

/Sgheer/

 

Small

 

طويل

 

/Tweel/

 

Tall

 

 

 


 

 

أَفْعَل مِنْ

 

/ʼafʻal min/

 

Is specific to the Arabic language, as it represents the pattern/ form of how comparative is made

 

As in

 

كبير — أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

/ʼakbar min/ /kbeer/

 

Big — Bigger than

 

 

 


 

 

When building the comparative the adjective is always followed by  مِنْ

 

As in

 

سامي أَطْوَل مِنْ كريم

 

/saamee ʼaTwal min kareem/

 

Sami is taller than Kareem

 

 

 


 

 

Without

مِنْ

the adjective will turn into superlative

 

As in

أَكْبَر بَيْت

 

Comparative:

أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

Superlative:

أَكْبَر

 


 

 

Example:

 

عَظيم

 

/ʻazeem/

 

Great

 

أَعْظَم

 

/ʼaʻzam/

 

Greater

 

 

 


 

Example:

 

صغير

 

/Sgheer/

 

Small

 

أَصْغَر

 

/ʼaSghar/

 

Smaller

 

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

طويل

 

/Tweel/

 

Tall/ Long

 

أَطْوَل

 

/ʼaTwal/

 

Taller/ Longer

 

 

 


 

Example:

 

المَدْرَسِة الكبيرِة

 

/ilmadrasih likbeerih/

 

The biggest school

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَحْسَن مِنْ

 

/ʼaHsan min/

 

Better than

 

أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

/ʼakbar min/

 

Bigger/ Older than

 

أَصْغَر مِنْ

 

/ʼaSghar min/

 

Smaller than

 

 

 


 

 

هَداك

 

/hadaak/

 

Means

 

That (Masculine nouns)

 

As in

 

هَداك الكتاب

 

/hadaak ilktaab/

 

That book

 

 

 


 

 

هَديك

 

/hadeek/

 

Means 

 

That (Feminine nouns)

 

As in

 

هَديك الجامْعَة

 

/hadeek iljaamʻah/

 

That university

 

 

 


 

 

يا

 

/yaa/

 

Is a vocative particle for both genders, it is followed by a noun or a proper noun

 

As in

 

يـا كَريم

 

/yaa kareem/

 

Hey Kareem

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

يا فَرَح

 

/yaa faraH/

 

Hey Farah

 

يا عُمَر

 

/yaa ʻumar/

 

Hey Umar

 

 

 


 

 

 

For more info regarding the comparative and superlative and how to learn Arabic online,
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