Comparative and superlative

Comparative and superlative

 

 

Adjectives:

 

كِبير

 

/chibeer/

 

Big

 

عَظيم

 

/ʻaDHeem/

 

Great

 

 

 


 

 

Adjectives:

 

زغَيَّر

 

/zghayyar/

 

Small

 

طُويل

 

/Tuweel/

 

Tall

 

 

 


 

 

أَفْعَل مِنْ

 

/ʼafʻal min/

 

Is specific to the Arabic language, as it represents the pattern/ form

 

of how comparative is made

 

As in

 

كِبير — أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

/chibeer/ /ʼakbar min/

 

Big — Bigger than

 

 

 


 

 

When building the comparative the adjective is

 

always followed by

 

مِنْ

 

As in

 

سامي أَطْوَل مِنْ توم

 

/saamee ʼaTwal min tom/

 

Sami is taller than Tom

 

 

 


 

 

Without

 

مِنْ

 

the adjective will turn into superlative

 

As in

 

أَكْبَر بَيْت

 

Comparative:

 

أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

Superlative:

 

أَكْبَر

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

عَظيم

 

/ʻaDHeem/

 

Great

 

أَعْظَم

 

/ʼaʻDham/

 

Greater

 

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

زغَيَّر

 

/zghayyar/

 

Small

 

أَزْغَر

 

/ʼazghar/

 

Smaller

 

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

طُويل

 

/Tuweel/

 

Tall/ Long

 

أَطْوَل

 

/ʼaTwal/

 

Taller/ Longer

 

 

 


 

Example:

 

أَكْبَر مَدْرَسَة

 

/ʼakbar madrasah/

 

The biggest school

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَحْسَن مِنْ

 

Better than

 

أَكْبَر مِنْ

 

Bigger/ older than

 

أَزْغَر مِنْ

 

Smaller than

 

 

 


 

 

ذاكَ

 

/THaaka/

 

Means

 

That (Masculine nouns)

 

As in

 

ذاكَ الكِتاب

 

/Thaaka alkitaab/

 

That book

 

 

 


 

 

ذيجَ

 

/Theecha/

 

Means

 

That (Feminine nouns)

 

As in

 

ذيجَ الجامِعَة

 

/Theecha aljaamiʻah/

 

That university

 

 

 


 

 

يا

 

/yaa/

 

Is a vocative particle for both genders,

 

it is followed by a noun or a proper noun

 

As in

 

يـا كَريم

 

/yaa kareem/

 

Hey Kareem

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

يا فَرَح

 

/yaa faraH/

 

Hey Farah!

 

يا عُمَر

 

/yaa ʻumar/

 

Hey Umar!

 

 

 


 

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