Comparative and superlative - Kaleela

Comparative and superlative

Comparative and superlative

 

 

 

أَفْعَل مِنْ

 

/ʼafʻal min/

 

Is specific to the Arabic language, as it represents the pattern/ form of how comparative is made

 

As in

 

كَبير — أَكْبَرُ مِنْ

 

/ʼakbaru min/ /kabeer/

 

Big — Bigger than

 

 


 

 

When building the comparative the adjective is always followed by

 

مِنْ

 

As in

 

سامي أَطْوَلُ مِنْ تومٍ

 

/saamee ʼaTwalu min tomin/

 

Sami is taller than Tom

 

 


 

 

Without

 

مِنْ 

 

the adjective will turn into superlative

 

As in

 

أَكْبَرُ بَيْتٍ

 

 

Comparative:

أَكْبَرُ مِنْ

 

 

Superlative:

أَكْبَرُ

 


 

 

Example:

 

عَظيم

 

/ʻaDHeem/

 

Great

 

أَعْظَم

 

/ʻaDham/

 

Greater

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

صَغير

 

/Sagheer/

 

Small

 

أَصْغَر

 

/ʼaSghar/

 

Smaller

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

طَويل

 

 

/Taweel/

 

 

Tall/ Long

أَطْوَل

 

 

/ʻaTwal/

 

Taller/ Longer

 

 


 

 

Adding الـ 

 

to superlative basic form and the nouns is another way to express superlative. Also, the position of the noun and the adjective will be reversed

 

As in

 

أَكْبَرُ بَيْتٍ… البَيْتُ الأَكْبَرُ

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

أَفْضَلُ مِنْ

Better than

 

 

أَكْبَرُ مِنْ

Older than

 

 

أَصْغَرُ مِنْ

Smaller than 

 

 


 

ذَلِكَ

 

/Thalika/

 

Means

 

That (Masculine nouns)

 

As in

 

ذَلِكَ الكِتابُ

 

/Thalika ilkitaabu/

 

That book

 

 


 

 

تِلْكَ

 

/tilka/

 

Means

 

That (Feminine nouns)

 

As in

 

تِلْكَ الجامِعَةُ

 

/tilka iljaamiʻatu/

 

That university

 

 


 

يا

 

/yaa/

 

Is a vocative particle for both genders, it is followed by a noun or a proper noun

 

As in

 

يـا كَريمُ

 

/yaa kareemu/

 

Hey Kareem

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

يا سَلْمى

 

/yaa salmaa/

 

Hey Salma

 

 

يـا رَجُلُ

 

/yaa rajulu/

 

Hey man

 


 

 


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