Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences

 

 

أَتْمَنَّى

 

/ʼatmannaa/

 

Means

 

I wish/ I hope

 

 

 


 

 

أَتْمَنَّى أَسافِر لِلعِراقْ

 

/ʼatmannaa ʼasaafir lilʻiraaq/

 

Means

 

I hope to travel to Iraq

 

 

 


 

أَتْمَنَّى ذاك

 

/ʼatmannaa THaak/

 

Means

 

I hope so

 

 

 


 

 

إِذا

 

/ʼiTHaa/

 

Means

 

If

 

would be used for possibilities

 

 

 


 

The conditional sentence:

 

إِذا دَرَسِتْ حَتِنْجَحْ

 

/ʼiTHaa darasit HatinjaH/

 

If you study, you will succeed

 

“إِذا+Past tense ,Present tense

 

 

 


 

Example:

 

إذا دَرَسِتْ حَتِنْجَحْ

 

/ʼiTHaa darasit HatinjaH/

 

Means

 

If you study, you will succeed

 

 

 


 

 

إِلَّا إِذا

 

/ʼillaa ʼiTHaa/

 

Means

 

Unless

 

 

 


 

 

ما رَحْ تِنْجَحْ بِالاِمْتِحان إِلا إِذا دَرَسِتْ

 

/maa raH tinjaH bilimtiHaan ʼillaa ʼiTHaa darasit/

 

Means

 

You will not pass the exam unless you study

 

 

 


 

 

لو

 

/loa/

 

Means

 

If

 

would be used to show a fact that would have happened in the past if

 

it is done under certain conditions

 

 

 


 

لو قَرَيتْ هَذا الكِتاب حَتِفْتِهِمْ

 

/loa qarait haTHaa ilkitaab Hatiftihim/

 

If you read this book, you would have understood

 

 

 


 

 

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