Conjunctions and prepositions

Conjunctions and prepositions

 

 

Prepositions are a class of words used to express

 

spatial or temporal relations between words.

 

 


 

 

في

 

/fee/

 

Means

 

In/ At

 

أَنا في المَقْهى

 

/ʼanaa fee ilmaqhaa/

 

I am at the cafe

 

 

 

 


 

 

عَلى

 

/ʻalaa/

 

Means

 

On

 

الطَّعامُ عَلى الطَّاوِلَةِ

 

/aTTaʻaamu ʻalaa iTTaawilati/

 

The food is on the table 

 

 

 

 


 

 

إِلى

 

/ʼilaa/

 

Means

 

To (for distances)

 

ذَهَبْتُ إِلى المَدْرَسَةِ

 

/THahabtu ʼilaa ilmadrasati

 

I went to school 

 

 

 

 


 

 

مَعَ

 

/maʻa/

 

Means

 

With

 

ذَهَبَ سامي مَعَ زَيْدٍ

 

/THahaba saamee maʻa zaydin/

 

Sami went with Zaid 

 

 

 

 


 

مِنْ

 

/min/

 

Means

 

From

 

أَنا مِنْ أَمْريكا

 

/ʼanaa min ʼamreekaa/

 

I am from America 

 

 

 

 


 

أَمامَ

 

/ʼamaama/

 

Means

 

Front of

 

بَيْتي أَمامَ المَدْرَسَةِ

 

/baytee ʼamaama ilmadrasati/

 

My house is in front of the school

 

 

 

 


 

 

بِجانِبِ

 

/bijaanibi/

 

Means

 

Next to

 

المُتْحَفُ بِجانِبِ مَكْتَبِ البَريدِ

 

/almutHafu bijaanibi maktabi ilbareedi/

 

The museum is next to the post office 

 

 

 

 


 

 

خَلْفَ

 

/khalfa/

 

Means

 

Behind

 

المَطْعَمُ خَلْفَ المَدْرَسَةِ

 

/almaTʻamu khalfa ilmadrasati/

 

The restaurant is behind the school

 

 

 

 


 

 

فَوْقَ

 

/fawqa/

 

Means

 

Above

 

تَطيرُ العَصافيرُ فَوْقَ الجِبالِ

/taTeeru ilʻasaafeeru fawqa iljibaali/

 

The birds are flying above the mountains

 

 

 

 


 

تَحْتَ

 

/taHta/

 

Means

 

Under

 

الكُرَةُ تَحْتَ الطَّاوِلَةِ

 

/alkuratu taHta iTTaawilati/

 

The ball is under the table

 

 

 

 


 

 

وَ

 

/wa/

 

Means

 

And

 

أَنْتَ وَ أَنا

 

/ʼanta wa ʼanaa /

 

You and I

 

 

 

 


 

أَوْ

 

/ʼaw/

 

Means

 

Or

 

سامي أَوْ زَيْدٌ

 

/saamee ʼaw zaydun/

 

Sami or Zaid

 

 

 

 


 

 

لَكِنْ

 

/laakin/

 

Means

 

But

 

هُوَ لَطيفٌ لَكِنْ كَسولٌ

 

/huwa laTeefun laakin kasoolun/

 

He is kind but lazy

 

 

 

 


 

 

ثُمَّ

 

/thumma/

 

Means

 

Then

 

أَكَلْتُ ثُمَّ ذَهَبْتُ

 

/ʼakaltu thumma THahabtu/

 

I ate then I went 

 

 

 

 


 

 

حَتَّى

 

/Hattaa/

 

Means

 

To/ Until  (For justifications and durations)

 

دَرَسْتُ حَتَّى المَساءِ

 

/darastu Hattaa ilmasaaʼi/

 

I studied until the evening

 

 

 


 

 

 

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