Demonstrative pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns

 

Demonstrative pronouns

 

(This, that, these, those)

 

point to and identify nouns or pronouns.

 

 


 

 

هَذا

 

/haTHaa/

 

Means

 

This

 

To indicate masculine nouns close to the speaker

 

As in

 

هَذا البَيْتُ

 

/haTHaa ilbaytu/

 

This house 

 

 

 


 

 

هَذِهِ

 

/haTHihi/

 

Means

 

This

 

To indicate feminine nouns close to the speaker

 

As in

 

هَذِهِ المَدينَةُ

 

/haTHihi ilmadeenatu/

 

This city

 

 

 


 

 

Demonstrative pronouns should agree with the corresponding nouns in gender

 

As in

 

هَذا البَيْتُ

 

هَذِهِ المَدينَةُ

 

 Masculine —–> البَيْتُ 

 

Feminine —–> المَدينَةُ

 

 

 

 


 

 

ذَلِكَ

 

/THalika/

 

Means

 

That

 

To indicate masculine nouns far from the speaker

 

As in

 

ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ

 

/THalika irrajulu/

 

That man

 

 

 

 


 

 

تِلْكَ

 

/tilka/

 

Means

 

That

 

To indicate feminine nouns far from the speaker

 

As in

 

تِلْكَ المَرْأَةُ

 

/tilka ilmarʼatu/

 

That woman

 

 

 

 


 

 

هَؤُلاءِ

 

/haaʼulaaʼi/

 

Means

 

These

 

To indicate plural nouns close to the speaker

 

As in

 

هَؤُلاءِ الشَّبابُ

 

/haaʼulaaʼi ishabaabu/

 

These guys

 

 

 

 


 

 

أُولَئِكَ

 

/ʼulaaʼika/

 

Means

 

Those

 

To indicate plural nouns far from the speaker

 

As in

 

أُولَئِكَ الشَّبابُ

 

/ʼulaaʼika ishabaabu/

 

Those guys

 

 

 


 

 

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