Future tense - Kaleela

Future tense

Future tense

 

 

 

The future means that the action happens after the time of speaking

 

 

سَوْفَ نَتَعَلَّمُ العَرَبِيَّة

 

 

/sawfa nataʻallamu alʻarabiyyah/

 

 

Means

 

 

We will learn Arabic

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

The future form of the verb is the same as the present tense with the prefix

 

سَـ / سَوْفَ

 

/sa/ /sawfa/

 

سَوْفَ أَذْهَبُ

 

/sawfa ʼaTHhabu/

 

Means

 

I will go

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Singular)

 

أَنا

 

The prefix 

 

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

أَنا سَوْفَ أَذْهَبُ

 

/ʼanaa sawfa ʼaTHhabu/

 

Means

 

I will go

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Plural)

 

نَحْنُ

The prefix

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

نَحْنُ سَوْفَ نَذْهَبُ إِلى السُّوق

 

/naHnu sawfa naTHhabu ʼilaa assooq/

 

Means

 

We will go to the market

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنا سَوْفَ أَرْجِعُ

 

/ʼanaa sawfa ʼarjiʻu/

 

will return

 

نَحْنُ سَوْفَ نَرْجِعُ

 

/naHnu sawfa narjiʻu/

 

We will return

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنا سَوْفَ أَذْهَبُ

 

/ʼanaa sawfa ʼaTHhabu/

 

will go

 

نَحْنُ سَوْفَ نَذْهَبُ

 

/naHnu sawfa naTHhabu/

 

We will go

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Examples:

 

أَنا سَوْفَ آكُلُ

 

/ʼanaa sawfa ʼaakulu/

 

will eat

 

نَحْنُ سَوْفَ نَأْكُلُ

 

/naHnu sawfa naʼkulu/

 

We  will eat

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

سوق

 

/sooq/

 

Means

 

Market

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

فُسْتان

 

 

/fustaan/

 

 

Means

 

 

Dress

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

القادِم

 

/alqaadim/

 

Means

 

Next

 

As in (الأُسْبوع القادِم)

 

Next week

 

 

 

 

 


 

بَعْدَ

 

/baʻda/

 

Means

 

After a… / In a…

 

بَعْدَ شَهْر

 

After a month

 

 

 

 

 


 

غَداً

 

 

/ghadan/

 

 

Means

 

 

Tomorrow

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person

 

(Masculine/ Singular)

 

أَنْتَ

 

The prefix

 

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

أَنْتَ سَوْفَ تَذْهَبُ

 

/ʼanta sawfa taTHhabu/

 

Means

 

You will go (Masculine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person

 

(Feminine/ Singular)

 

أَنْتِ

 

The prefix

 

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

أَنْتِ سَوْفَ تَذْهَبينَ

 

/ʼanti sawfa taTHhabeena/

 

Means

 

You will go (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Examples:

 

أَنْتَ سَوْفَ تَشْرَبُ

 

/ʼanta sawfa tashrabu/

 

You will drink (Masculine)

 

أَنْتِ  سَوْفَ تَشْرَبينَ

 

/ʼanti sawfa tashrabeena/

 

You will  drink (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنْتَ سَوْفَ تَأْكُلُ

 

/ʼanta sawfa taʼkulu/

 

You will eat (Masculine)

 

أَنْتِ سَوْفَ  تَأْكُلْينَ

 

/ʼanti sawfa taʼkuleena/

 

You  will eat (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Conjugating in third person

 

(Masculine/ Singular)

 

هُوَ

 

The prefix

 

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

هُوَ سَوْفَ يَذْهَبُ

 

/huwa sawfa yaTHhabu/

 

Means

 

He will go

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person

 

(Feminine/ Singular)

 

هِيَ

 

The prefix 

 

سَوْفَ

 

should precede the verb in present tense

 

هِيَ سَوْفَ تَذْهَبُ

 

/hiya sawfa taTHhabu/

 

Means

 

She will go

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَ سَوْفَ يَرْجِعُ إِلى

 

/huwa sawfa yarjiʻu ʼilaa/

 

He will go back to…

 

هِيَ سَوْفَ تَرْجِعُ إِلى

 

/hiya sawfa tarjiʻu ʼilaa/

 

She will go back to…

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَ سَوْفَ يَشْرَبُ

 

/huwa sawfa yashrabu/

 

He will drink

 

هِيَ سَوْفَ  تَشْرَبُ

 

/hiya sawfa tashrabu/

 

She  will drink

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَ سَوْفَ يَأْكُلُ

 

/huwa sawfa yaʼkulu/

 

He will eat 

 

هِيَ سَوْفَ  تَأْكُلُ

 

/hiya sawfa taʼkulu/

 

She  will eat

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 لَنْ

 

/lan/

 

Means

 

Will not

 

لَنْ أَشْرَبَ القَهْوَةَ غَداً

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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