Introduction to grammar

Introduction to grammar

 

 

Arabic has 2 types of sentences:

 

– Nominal

 

 الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ 

 

/aTTaqsu laTeefun/

 

The weather is nice

 

– Verbal

 

أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 

 

/ʼakala irrajulu ittuffaaHata/

 

The man ate the apple

 

 

 


 

Verbal sentences begin with a verb (فِعْل) and contain a subject (فاعِلْ)

 

أَكَلَ  الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 

 

أَكَلَ —-> فِعْل 

 

الرَّجُلُ —-> فاعِلْ 

 

 

 


 

 

The subject is a part of a sentence that shows who is performing the action.

 

أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ

 

الرَّجُلُ

 

Is the subject of the sentence 

 

 


 

 

The object is a noun (or pronoun) that is governed by a verb or a preposition.

 

أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ

 

التُّفَّاحَةَ

 

Is the object of the sentence

 

 


 

 

Example of verbal sentence:

 

أَكَلَ الوَلَدُ التُّفَّاحَةَ

 

/ʼakala ilwaladu ittuffaaHata/

 

The boy ate the apple 

 

 


 

 

Example of verbal sentence:

 

كَتَبَتْ فَرَحُ رِسالَةً

 

/katabat faraHu risaalatan/

Farah wrote a letter

 

 

 


 

 

Arabic tends to prefer the order in the sentence

 

verb + subject + object

 

أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ

 

Rather than

 

subject + verb + object

 

 الرَّجُلُ أَكَلَ التُّفَّاحَةَ

 


 

Nominal sentences begin with either a noun (اِسْم) or a pronoun (ضَمير).

 

 

It might have a verb but it will not start with it.

 


 

 

Example of nominal sentence:

 

الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ

 

/aTTaqsu laTeefun/

 

The weather is nice

 

 

 

 


 

 

Nominal sentences have two parts:

 

An indicate and a predicate which are called

 

مُبْتَدَأ وَ خَبَر

 

As in

 

الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ

 

The word الطَّقْسُ is the indicate and لَطيفٌ is the predicate.

 

 

 


 

 

The indicate is the main component in the sentence.

 

 السَّماءُ صافِيَةٌ 

 

/assamaaʼu Saafiyatun/

 

The sky is clear

 

 

 

 


 

Example of nominal sentence:

 

الشَّرْقُ الأَوْسَطُ

 

/asharqu ilʼawsaTu/

 

The Middle East

 

 

 


 

 

Arabic has no “Is” or “Are” 

 

As in

 

اسْمي فَرَحُ

 

/ismee faraHu/

 

My name is Farah

 

In Arabic it would be 

 

I Farah

 

 

 

 


 

 

For more info regarding the Arabic alphabet and how to learn Arabic online,
you can download the Arabic learning app Kaleela application to learn Arabic the right way.

 

 

* Below the link for iOS: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/kaleela…

 


* Below the link for Android: 
https://play.google.com/store/apps/de…