Introduction to grammar



Arabic has 2 types of sentences:


– Nominal


 الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ 


/aTTaqsu laTeefun/


The weather is nice


– Verbal


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 


/ʼakala irrajulu ittuffaaHata/


The man ate the apple






Verbal sentences begin with a verb (فِعْل) and contain a subject (فاعِلْ)


أَكَلَ  الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 


أَكَلَ —-> فِعْل 


الرَّجُلُ —-> فاعِلْ 







The subject is a part of a sentence that shows who is performing the action.


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ




Is the subject of the sentence 






The object is a noun (or pronoun) that is governed by a verb or a preposition.


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ




Is the object of the sentence






Example of verbal sentence:


أَكَلَ الوَلَدُ التُّفَّاحَةَ


/ʼakala ilwaladu ittuffaaHata/


The boy ate the apple 






Example of verbal sentence:


كَتَبَتْ فَرَحُ رِسالَةً


/katabat faraHu risaalatan/

Farah wrote a letter







Arabic tends to prefer the order in the sentence


verb + subject + object


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ


Rather than


subject + verb + object


 الرَّجُلُ أَكَلَ التُّفَّاحَةَ



Nominal sentences begin with either a noun (اِسْم) or a pronoun (ضَمير).



It might have a verb but it will not start with it.




Example of nominal sentence:


الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ


/aTTaqsu laTeefun/


The weather is nice








Nominal sentences have two parts:


An indicate and a predicate which are called


مُبْتَدَأ وَ خَبَر


As in


الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ


The word الطَّقْسُ is the indicate and لَطيفٌ is the predicate.







The indicate is the main component in the sentence.


 السَّماءُ صافِيَةٌ 


/assamaaʼu Saafiyatun/


The sky is clear







Example of nominal sentence:


الشَّرْقُ الأَوْسَطُ


/asharqu ilʼawsaTu/


The Middle East







Arabic has no “Is” or “Are” 


As in


اسْمي فَرَحُ


/ismee faraHu/


My name is Farah


In Arabic it would be 


I Farah








For more info regarding the Arabic alphabet and how to learn Arabic online,
you can download the Arabic learning app Kaleela application to learn Arabic the right way.



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