Nouns

Nouns

 

 

The noun stands for something that can be concrete or abstract.

It can be masculine, feminine, singular, plural, definite or indefinite.

 

 


 

Examples:

 

Masculine (Non-human)

 

قَلَم

 

/qalam/

 

Pen

 

Feminine (Non-human) 

 

حَقيبَة

 

/Haqeebah/

 

Bag

 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

Masculine (Human)

 

طالِب

 

/Taalib/

 

Student

 

Feminine (Human)

 

طالِبَة

 

/Taalibah/

 

Student 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

Indefinite

 

حَقيبَة

 

/Haqeebah/

 

A bag

 

Definite

 

الحَقيبَة

 

/alHaqeebah/

 

The bag

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

شَارِع

 

/shaariʻ/

 

Street

 

الــشَّارِع

 

/ashaariʻ/

 

The street

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

قِطَّة

 

/qiTTah/

 

Cat

 

الــقِطَّة

 

/alqiTTah/ 

 

The cat

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

طَبيبَة

 

/Tabeebah/

 

Doctor (Feminine)

 

الــطَّبيبَة

 

/aTTabeebah/

 

The doctor (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

To form a feminine word from a masculine word we add ة / ـة

 

to professions, humans and animals

 

As in

 

طَبيب

 

/Tabeeb/

 

Doctor (Masculine)

 

طَبيبَــة

 

 /Tabeebah/

 

Doctor (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

The word Idaafa means “addition” or “annexation”.

 

The Idaafa is used to indicate possession in Arabic

 

As in

 

كِتابُ الوَلَدِ

 

/kitaabu ilwaladi/

 

The boy’s book 

 

 

 

 


 

 

This kind of annexation occurs when two nouns are linked

together and immediately follow each other

 

As in

 

بَيْتُ الرَّجُلِ 

 

/baytu irrajuli/

 

The man’s house

 

 

 


 

The first noun of Idaafa is always indefinite

 

As in

 

بَيْتُ الرَّجُلِ

 

/baytu irrajuli/

 

The man’s house

 

 

 

 


 

The second noun of Idaafa can be definite or indefinite.

 

If it is a proper noun it should be indefinite

 

As in

 

كِتابُ زَيْدِ

 

/kitaabu zaydi/

 

Zaid’s book

 

 

 

 


 

 

The second noun of Idaafa often ends with Kasra

 

As in

 

بابُ البَيْتِ

 

/baabu ilbayti/

 

The house’s door 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

مُديرُ المَكْتَبِ

 

/mudeeru ilmaktabi/

 

Office manager

 

كِتابُ سارَةَ

 

/kitaabu saarata/

 

Sara’s book

 

بَيْتُ أَخي

 

/baytu ʼakhee/

 

My brother’s house 

 

 

 

 


 

 

There are two major forms of plural nouns:

 

– The sound 

 

– The broken

 

 


 

 The sound can be further divided into:

 

– The sound masculine plural 

 

– The sound feminine plural

 

 


 

Sound plurals are created by adding a suffix to the singular noun.

 

مُهَنْدِس

 

/muhandis/

 

Engineer (Masculine/ Singular)

 

مُهَنْدِســون

 

/muhandisoon/

 

Engineers (Masculine/ Plural)

 

مُهَنْدِســات

 

/muhandisaat/

 

Engineers (Feminine/ Plural) 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Sound masculine plural can be created by adding the suffixes ون or ين at the end of any noun

 

As in

 

مُوَظَّف —-> مُوَظَّفــون

 

/muwaDHafoon/ /muwaDHaf/

 

مُوَظَّف —-> مُوَظَّفــين

 

/muwaDHafeen/ /muwaDHaf/

 

Employees – Employee

 

 

 

 


 

 

Sound masculine plural can be created by adding the suffixes ون or ين at the end of any noun

 

As in

 

مُوَظَّف —-> مُوَظَّفــون

 

/muwaDHafoon/ /muwaDHaf/

 

مُوَظَّف —-> مُوَظَّفــين

 

/muwaDHafeen/ /muwaDHaf/

 

Employees – Employee

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

مُعَلِّم

 

/muʻallim/

 

Teacher (Masculine/ Singular)

 

مُعَلِّمـــون

 

/muʻallimoon/

 

Teachers (Masculine/ Plural)

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

مُهَنْدِس

 

/muhandis/

 

Engineer (Masculine/ Singular)

 

مُهَنْدِســون

 

/muhandisoon/

 

Engineers (Masculine/ Plural)

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

فَنَّان

 

/fannaan/

 

Artist (Masculine/ Singular)

 

فَنَّانـــون

 

/fannaanoon/

 

Artists (Masculine/ Plural)

 

 

 

 


 

 

Sound feminine plural can be created by adding the suffix ات at the end of any noun

 

As in

 

مُسْلِمَة

 

/muslimah/

 

Muslim (Feminine/ Singular)

 

مُسْلِمَـــات

 

/muslimaat/

 

Muslims (Feminine/ Plural)

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

فَنَّانَة

 

/fannaanah/

 

Artist (Feminine/ Singular)

 

فَنَّانــات

 

/fannaanaat/

 

Artists (Feminine/ Plural) 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

For more info regarding the Arabic alphabet and how to learn Arabic online,
you can download the Arabic learning app Kaleela application to learn Arabic the right way.

 

* Below the link for iOS: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/kaleela…

 


* Below the link for Android: 
https://play.google.com/store/apps/de…