Past tense - Kaleela

Past tense

Past tense

 

 

A verb in past tense refers to an action

 

 

that already happened and finished

 

 

As in (أَنا كَتَبِــتْ رِسالِة)

 

 

/ʼanaa katabit risaaleh/

 

 

Means

 

 

I wrote a letter

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating the verbs

 

 

tells who did the action

 

 

and

 

 

when the action is/ was/ will be done

 

 

 


 

The suffixes we add to the root of the

 

verb should agree with the gender

 

 

and the number of the people who did the action

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Singular)

 

أَنا

 

should be followed by the verb and then the suffix  ت

 

should be added at the end of the verb

 

As in

 

أَنا عَمَلــتْ

 

/ʼanaa ʻamalt/

 

Means

 

I did

 

 

 


 

Conjugating in first person (Plural)

 

اِحْنا

 

should be followed by the verb and then the suffix

 

نا

should be added at the end of the verb

 

 

As in (اِحْنا عَمَلــنا)

 

 

/iHnaa ʻamalnaa/

 

Means

 

We did

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنا رُحِــتْ عَلى

 

/ʼanaa ruHit ʻalaa/

 

I went

 

 اِحْنا رُحْــنا عَلى

/iHnaa ruHnaa ʻalaa/

 

We went

 

 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

أَنا قَرَإِتْ

 

/ʼanaa qaraʼit/

 

I read

 

اِحْنا قَرَأْنا

 

/iHnaa qaraʼnaa/

 

We read

 

 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

أَنا كَتَبِــتْ

 

/ʼanaa katabit/

 

I wrote

 

اِحْنا كَتَبْــنا

 

/iHnaa katabnaa/

 

We wrote

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

كتاب

 

/ktaab/

 

Means

 

Book

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

رِسالِة

 

/risaaleh/

 

Means

 

Letter/ Text

 

 

 

 


 

اِمْبارِح

 

/imbaariH/

 

Means

 

Yesterday

 

Adverbs can be placed at the beginning,

 

in the middle or at the end of the sentence

 

 

 

 


 

الماضي

 

/ilmaadhee/

 

Means

 

Last/ Previous

 

Adding  ـة

to any of the adjectives will make it feminine

 

الماضيــة

 

/ilmaadhyeh/

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person (Masculine/Singular):

 

إِنْتَ

 

should be followed by the verb and then the suffix

 

تَ

 

should be added at the end of the verb

 

As in (إِنْتَ رُحِــتْ)

 

/ʼinta ruHit/

 

Means

 

You did

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person (Feminine/Singular)

 

إِنْتِ

 

should be followed by the verb and then the suffix

 

تي

 

should be added at the end of the verb

 

As in

 

إِنْتِ رُحْــتِ

 

/ʼinti ruHtee/

 

Means

 

You did

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَ رُحْــتْ عَلى

 

/ʼinta ruHit ʻalaa/

 

You went to (Masculine)

 

إِنْتِ رُحْــتي عَلى

 

/ʼinti ruHtee ʻalaa/

 

You went to (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَ كَتَبِــتْ

 

/ʼinta katabit/

 

You wrote (Masculine)

 

إِنْتِ كَتَبْـتي

 

/ʼinti katabtee/

 

You wrote (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَ قَرَإِتَ

 

/ʼinta qaraʼit/

 

You read (Masculine)

 

إِنْتِ قرَأْتي

 

/ʼinti qaraʼtee/

 

You read (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person (Masculine/ Singular):

 

هُوِّ

 

should be followed by the verb. No suffix to be added because it is the root of the verb

 

As in

 

هُوِّ دَرَسْ

 

/huwweh daras/

 

Means

 

He studied

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person (Feminine/Singular):

 

هِيِّ

should be followed by the verb and then the suffix تْ should be added at the end of the verb

 

As in

 

هِيِّ راحَـت

 

/hiyyeh raaHat/

 

Means

 

She went

 

 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

هُوِّ كَتَبْ

 

/huwweh katab/

 

He wrote

 

هِيِّ كَتْبَـتْ

 

/hiyyeh katbat/

 

She wrote

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوِّ راحْ عَلى

 

/huwweh raaH ʻalaa/

 

He went to

 

هِيِّ راحَـتْ

 

/hiyyeh raaHat ʻalaa/

 

She went to

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوِّ قَرَأْ

 

/huwweh qaraʼ/

 

He read 

 

  هِيِّ قَرَأَتْ

 

/hiyyeh qarʼat/

 

She read

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

In Arabic, the subject pronoun is frequently dropped.

 

The conjugated verb shows who the subject is

 

كَتَبـِتْ الرِّسالِة

 

Or

 

 

أَنا كَتَبـِـتْ الرِّسالِة

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

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