Present tense - Kaleela

Present tense

Present tense

 

The present tense refers to an unfinished action

 

 

As in

 

 

أَنا

 

 

بَــتْعَلَّمْ عَرَبي

 

 

/ʼanaa batʻallam ʻarabee/

 

 

Means

 

 

I learn Arabic

 

 

 


 

 

To form the present tense, suffixes and prefixes should be added to the root of the verb.

 

 

اِحْنا

 

 

مِنْــروحْ

 

 

/iHnaa minrooH/

 

 

Means

 

 

We go

 

 


 

Conjugating in first person (Singular):

 

 

أَنا

 

 

The prefix 

 

 

بَـ

 

 

should be attached to the verb

 

 

 

As in

 

 

أَنا  بَــعْمَلْ

 

 

/ʼanaa baʻmal/

 

 

Means

 

 

 

I do

 

 

 


 

Conjugating in first person (Plural):

 

 

اِحْنا

 

 

The prefix 

 

 

 

منـ

 

 

should be attached to the verb

 

 

 

As in

 

 

  اِحْنا منِــعْمَلْ 

 

 

/iHnaa mniʻmal/

 

 

Means

 

 

We do

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

 

 

أَنا  بَــشْرَبْ

 

 

/ʼanaa bashrab/

 

 

 

I drink

 

 

 

  اِحْنا منِــشْرَبْ

 

 

 

/iHnaa mnishrab/

 

 

 

We drink

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

 

  أَنا بَــروحْ

 

 

 

/ʼanaa barooH/

 

 

 

I go

 

 

 

  اِحْنا مِنْــروحْ

 

 

 

/iHnaa minrooH/

 

 

 

 

We go

 

 

 


 

 عَرَبي

 

 

/ʻarabee/

 

 

Means

 

 

Arabic

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

 

  أَنا بَــحْكي

 

 

 

/ʼanaa baHkee/

 

 

 

I speak

 

 

 

  اِحْنا منِــحْكي

 

 

 

/iHnaa mniHkee/

 

 

 

We speak

 

 

 

 


 

مَدْرَسِة

 

 

/madraseh/

 

 

Means

 

 

School

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

كُلْ يوم

 

 

/kul yoam/

 

 

Means

 

 

Everyday 

 

 

Adverbs can be placed at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of the sentence

 

 

 

 


 

 

دايماً

 

/daayman/

 

Means

 

Always

 

 

 


 

عادَةً

 

 

/ʻaadatan/

 

 

Means

 

 

Usually

 

 


 

Conjugating in second person (Masculine/Singular):

 

 

 

 

إِنْتَ

 

 

The prefix

 

 

بـتـ 

 

 

should be attached to the verb

 

 

As in

 

 

  إِنْتَ بتِــعْمَلْ

 

 

/ʼinta btiʻmal/

 

 

Means

 

 

You do (Masculine)

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person (Feminine/Singular):

 

 

إِنْتِ

 

 

The prefix 

 

بـتِـ

 

 

and the suffix 

 

ي 

 

should be attached to the verb. 

 

ي 

 

 

indicates feminine

 

 

As in

 

 

إِنْتِ  بتِــعْمَلـــي

 

 

/ʼinti btiʻmalee/

 

 

 Means

 

 

You do

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

إِنْتَ

 

 

بتِــشْرَبْ

 

 

/ʼinta btishrab/

 

 

 

You drink (Masculine)

 

 

إِنْتِ

 

 

بتِــشْرَبــي

 

 

/ʼinti btishrabee/

 

 

You drink (Feminine)

 

 

 

 


 

 

 Examples:

 

 

إِنْتَ بتِــحْكي

 

 

/ʼinta btiHkee/

 

 

 

You speak (Masculine)

 

 

إِنْتِ  بتِــحْكي

 

 

/ʼinta btiHkee/

 

 

You speak (Feminine)

 

 

 

 


 

 Examples:

 

 

 

إِنْتَ بِتْــروحْ

 

 

/ʼinta bitrooH/

 

 

You go (Masculine)

 

 

إنْتِ بِتْــروحــي

 

 

/ʼinti bitrooHee/

 

 

You go (Feminine)

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

Conjugating in third person (Masculine/Singular)

 

 

 

هُوِّ

 

 

The prefix 

 

 

بِـ

 

 

should be attached to the verb 

 

 

As in

 

 

هُوِّ بِــعْمَلْ

 

 

/huwweh biʻmal/

 

 

 

Means

 

 

He does

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person (Feminine/Singular):

 

 

هِيِّ 

 

 

The prefix 

 

 

بـتـ

 

 

should be attached to the verb 

 

 

As in

 

هِيِّ بتِــعْمَلْ

 

 

/hiyyeh btiʻmal/

 

 

Means

 

 

She does

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

 

هُوِّ بِــحْكي

 

 

/huwweh biHkee/

 

 

He speaks

 

 

هِيِّ بتِــحْكي

 

 

 

/hiyyeh btiHkee/

 

 

She speaks

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوِّ بِــروحْ

 

 

/huwweh birooH/

 

 

He goes

 

 

هِيِّ بِتْــروحْ

 

 

 

/hiyyeh bitrooH/

 

 

 

She goes

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

 

هُوِّ بِــشْرَبْ

 

/huwweh bishrab/

 

 

He drinks

 

 

هِيِّ بتِــشْرَبْ

 

 

/hiyyeh btishrab/

 

 

She drinks

 

 

 


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