Present tense

Present tense

 

 

The present tense refers to an unfinished action

 

As in

 

آني أَتْعَلَّمْ عَرَبي

 

/ʼaanee ʼatʻallam ʻarabee/

 

Means

 

I learn Arabic

 

 

 


 

 

To form the present tense, suffixes and prefixes

 

should be added to the root of the verb.

 

اِحْنا نــروحْ

 

/iHnaa nrooH/

 

Means

 

We go

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Singular):

 

آني

 

The prefix أَ should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

آني أَسَوِّي

 

/ʼaanee ʼasawwee/

 

Means

 

I do

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Plural):

 

اِحْنا

 

The prefix  نـ  should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

اِحْنا نــسَوِّي

 

/iHnaa nsawwee/

 

Means

 

We do

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

آني أَشْرَبْ

 

/ʼaanee ʼashrab/

 

I drink

 

اِحْنا نِــشْرَبْ

 

/iHnaa nishrab/

 

We drink

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

آني أَروحْ

 

/ʼaanee ʼarooH/

 

I go

 

اِحْنا نــروحْ

 

/iHnaa nrooH/

 

We go

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

آني أَروحْ

 

/ʼaanee ʼarooH/

 

I go

 

اِحْنا نــروحْ

 

/iHnaa nrooH/

 

We go

 

 

 


 

 

عَرَبي

 

/ʻarabee/

 

Means

 

Arabic

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

آني أَحْكي

 

/ʼaanee ʼaHchee/

 

I speak

 

اِحْنا نِــحْكي

 

/iHnaa niHchee/

 

We speak

 

 

 


 

 

مَدْرَسَة

 

/madrasah/

 

Means

 

School

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

كُلْ يوم

 

/kul yoam/

 

Means

 

Everyday

 

Adverbs can be placed at the beginning, in the middle

 

or at the end of the sentence

 

 

 


 

 

دائِماً

 

/daaʼiman/

 

Means

 

Always

 

 

 


 

عادَةً

 

/ʻaadatan/

 

Means

 

Usually

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person

 

(Masculine/Singular):

 

إِنْتَه

 

The prefix  تـ  should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

إِنْتَه تــسَوِّي

 

/ʼintah tsawwee/

 

Means

 

You do (Masculine)

 

 

 


 

Conjugating in second person

 

(Feminine/Singular):

 

إِنْتِ

 

The prefix  تـ and the suffix  ين  should be attached to the verb.

 

ين

 

indicates feminine

 

As in

 

إِنْتِ تــسَوِّين

 

 /ʼinti tsawween/

 

Means

 

You do (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَه تِــشْرَبْ

 

You drink (Masculine)

 

/ʼintah tishrab/

 

إِنْتِ تــشُرْبـين

 

/ʼinti tshurbeen/

 

You drink (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَه تِــحْكي

 

/ʼintah tiHchee/

 

You speak (Masculine)

 

إِنْتِ تِــحْكين

 

/ʼinti tiHcheen/

 

You speak (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

إِنْتَه تــروحْ

 

/ʼintah trooH/

 

You go (Masculine)

 

إنْتِ تــروحــين

 

/ʼinti trooHeen/

 

You go (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person

 

(Masculine/Singular):

 

هُوَّ

 

The prefix يـ  should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

هُوَّ يــسَوِّي

 

/huwwah ysawwee/

 

Means

 

He does

 

 

 


 

Conjugating in third person

 

(Feminine/Singular):

 

هِيَّ

 

The prefix تـ  should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

هِيَّ تــسَوِّي

 

/hiyyah tsawwee/

 

Means

 

She does

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَّ يِــحْكي

 

/huwwah yiHchee/

 

He speaks

 

هِيَّ تِــحْكي

 

/hiyyah tiHchee/

 

She speaks

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَّ يــروحْ

 

/huwwah yrooH/

 

He goes

 

هِيَّ تــروحْ

 

/hiyyah trooH/

 

She goes

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَّ يِــشْرَبْ

 

/huwwah yishrab/

 

He drinks

 

هِيَّ تِــشْرَبْ

 

/hiyyah tishrab/

 

She drinks

 

 

 


 

 

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