Present tense - Kaleela

Present tense

Present tense

 

 

The present tense refers to an unfinished action

 

As in (أَنا أَتَعَلَّمُ العَرَبِيَّة)

 

 

/ʼanaa ʼatʻallamu alʻarabiyyah/

 

 

Means

 

 

I learn Arabic

 

 

 

 


 

 

To form the present tense, suffixes and prefixes should be added to the root of the verb.

 

 

نَحْنُ نَـذْهَبُ

 

 

/naHnu naTHhabu/

 

 

Means

 

 

We go

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Singular)

 

 

أَنا

 

 

The prefix

 

 

أَ

 

 

should be attached to the verb

 

 

أَنا أَفْعَلُ

 

 

/ʼanaa ʼafʻalu/

 

Means

 

 

I do

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in first person (Plural)

 

 

نَحْنُ 

 

The prefix

 

نَـ

 

 

should be attached to the verb

 

 

نَحْنُ نَــفْعَلُ

 

 

/naHnu nafʻalu/

 

 

Means

 

 

We do

 

 

 

 


 

 

أَنا أَتَعَلَّمُ

 

 

/ʼanaa ʼatʻallamu/

 

 

I learn

 

 

نَحْنُ نَــتَعَلَّمُ

 

 

/naHnu nataʻallamu/

 

 

We learn

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

أَنا أَذْهَبُ

 

 

/ʼanaa ʼaTHhabu/

 

 

I go

 

 

نَحْنُ نَـذْهَبُ

 

 

/naHnu naTHhabu/

 

 

We go

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

أَنا أَتَكَلَّمُ

 

 

/ʼanaa ʼatakallamu/

 

 

I speak

 

 

نَحْنُ نَـتَكَلَّمُ

 

 

/naHnu natakallamu/

 

 

We speak

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

العَرَبِيَّة

 

 

/alʻarabiyyah/

 

 

Means

 

 

Arabic

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

مَدْرَسَة

 

 

/madrasah/

 

 

Means

 

 

School

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

العَصير

 

 

/alʻaSeer/

 

 

Means

 

 

Juice

 

 

 

 


 

 

كُلَّ يَوْم

 

 

/kulla yawm/

 

 

Means

 

 

Everyday

 

 

Adverbs can be placed at the beginning,

 

 

in the middle or at the end of the sentence

 

 

 

 

 


 

دائِماً

 

 

/daaʼiman/

 

 

Means

 

 

Always

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

عادَةً

 

 

/ʻaadatan/

 

 

Means

 

 

Usually

 

 

 

 

 


 

Conjugating in second person (Masculine/ Singular)

 

أَنْتَ

 

The prefix

 

تَـ

 

should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

أَنْتَ تَـفْعَلُ

 

/ʼanta tafʻalu/

 

Means

 

You do (Masculine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in second person (Feminine/ Singular)

 

أَنْتِ

 

The prefix 

 

تَـ 

and the suffix 

 

ينَ 

should be attached to the verb.

 

As in

 

أَنْتِ تَـفْعَلينَ

 

/ʼanti tafʻaleena/

 

Means

 

You do (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنْتَ تَـتَكَلَّمُ

 

/ʼanta tatakallamu/

 

You speak (Masculine)

 

أَنْتِ تَـتَكَلَّمينَ

 

/ʼanti tatakallameena/

 

You speak (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنْتَ تَــشْرَبُ

 

/ʼanta tashrabu/

 

You drink (Masculine)

 

أَنْتِ تَــشْرَبـينَ

 

/ʼanti tashrabeena/

 

You drink (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

أَنْتَ تَــذْهَبُ

 

/ʼanta taTHhabu/

 

You go (Masculine)

 

أَنْتِ تَــذْهَبـينَ

 

/ʼanti taTHhabeena/

 

You go (Feminine)

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person (Masculine/ Singular):

 

هُوَ

The prefix

يَـ

should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

هُوَ يَــفْعَلُ

 

/huwa yafʻalu/

 

Means

 

He does

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugating in third person (Feminine/Singular):

 

هِيَ

 

The prefix

 

تَـ

 

should be attached to the verb

 

As in

 

هِيَ تَــفْعَلُ

 

/hiya tafʻalu/

 

Means

 

She does

 

 

 

 

 


 

Examples:

 

هُوَ يَــتَكَلَّمُ

 

/huwa yatakallamu/

 

He speaks

 

هِيَ تَـتَكَلَّمُ

 

/hiya tatakallamu/

 

She speaks

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَ يَــذْهَبُ

 

/huwa yaTHhabu/

 

He goes

 

هِيَ تَــذْهَبُ

 

/hiya taTHhabu/

 

She goes

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

هُوَ يَــشْرَبُ

 

/huwa yashrabu/

 

He drinks

 

  هِيَ تَــشْرَبُ

 

/hiya tashrabu/

 

She drinks

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

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