Jordan and Syria are neighboring countries. Both countries share commonalities in culture, religions and language. Both countries' culture is based on Arabic and Islamic elements. Still, Each country has its own unique physical, historical and cultural geography.
The largest religious group in Jordan and Syria are the Muslims. Although Islam is the dominating religion, there are many Christian groups found in both countries and are varied, such as Greek, Oriental Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and others.
The largest cultural-linguistic group are Arabs in Jordan and Syria. But also Circassians, Chechens, Turks and Armenians are the base of the cultural body of both countries.
Social and family loyalty is of great importance in Jordanian and Syrian culture. Family is one of the most important elements of society. Family loyalty and bonds are the most important lesson taught in Jordanian and Syrian families.
Jordan is hosting around 662,000 registered Syrian refugees as of 2019. The refugees fled from Syria due to the war in 2011. Jordan has three registered refugee camps for Syrians, which are Zaatari, Mrajeeb Al Fhood and Azraq.
Syrian refugees in Jordan are made of different ethnic and religious backgrounds. The majority are Arabs, including Syrian Palestinians, Syrian Turkmen and Syrian Kurds.
Jordanian culture and religion have been influenced by its political history and the history of trade. Jordan is home to fascinating historical and biblical sites. The country has many wonders from the endless desert, to the Dead Sea, and the ancient city of Petra. Significant cultural features are traditional Jordanian music and Jordanian food.
Jordanians are generally friendly, kind, magnanimous and hospitable. They are generally socially conservative. Family values and honor are strongly defended. The people of Jordan are proud of their rich cultural heritage.
Arabic is the official language in Jordan. English happens to be the second official language of the country. In some private schools French is being taught from an early age.
The country-style songs, known as Zajal, are performed alongside improvised poetry on various instruments. Traditional Jordanian Musical Instruments are Tablah, reed pipe, Oud, Arghul, Mijwiz, Rababah and Daf.
As for dancing, Jordan is famous for its own style of “Dabkeh”. “Dabkeh” is a traditional group form of dance, popular among Bedouins and non-Bedouins. People line up shoulder to shoulder and move in a circle, following certain steps and stomps. “Dabkeh” is usually performed in celebrations like weddings.
The most famous Jordanian Dish is “Mansaf”. Mansaf is made of a combination of rice, lamb meat cooked in “Jameed”. For those who don’t know, “Jameed” is a yogurt sauce made of goats’ milk. The dish is garnished with fried nuts such as almonds. Jordanians also use “Shrak” bread in the making of “Mansaf”.
“Hummus” and “Falafel” are traditional foods in Jordan. Jordanians often eat them for breakfasts and dinners. They’re traditionally eaten on Fridays for breakfast.
Most of Jordanian dishes are based on either Chicken or Lamb. They are more common than beef and fish.
It’s important to mention that it’s easy to follow a vegan or vegetarian diet in Jordan, because Jordanians use various vegetables in their dishes.
Traditionally, Jordanian women used to wear long flowing dresses with intricate embroidery and intricate details. While men wore “Thawb” or “Dishdasha”, which is a plain long robe with long sleeves.
Although it’s not common anymore to dress up like that for both men and women, it still can be seen in rural areas, and also in traditional occasions like weddings and religious holidays.
In Jordan both governmental and private business sectors exist. Private businesses are both local and international. Jordan is famous for its agriculture, producing various sorts of fruits and vegetables, and also wheat. Other traditional industries are potash extraction and phosphate mining. Refining petroleum, chemical manufacturing, and production of metals and minerals, are all solid industries in Jordan. The service sector covers tourism, transport, finance and banking, and also wholesale and retail trading.
The work week in the private sector is usually from Sunday to Thursday. And Usually from 08:30 to 18:00 with one hour for lunch break.
While the government sector shares the same work week days, its working hours are different, to be from 08:00 to 15:00.
Employees usually are dressed in formal attire. But also a smart casual dress code is accepted in some companies and businesses.