Negation tools - Kaleela

Negation tools

Negation tools

 

 

لَيْسَ

 

/laysa/

 

Not

 

Is a negation tool for nouns and adjectives

 

it must be conjugated according to the corresponding pronouns

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugation:

 

لَسْتُ

 

/lastu/

 

I am not

 

لَسْنا

 

/lasnaa/

 

We are not

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugation:

 

لَسْتَ

 

/lasta/

 

You are not (Masculine)

 

لَسْتِ

 

/lasti/

 

You are not (Feminine)

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugation:

 

لَيْسَ

 

/laysa/

 

He is not

 

لَيْسَتْ

 

/laysat/

 

She is not

 

 

 


 

 

Conjugation:

 

لَسْتُمْ

 

/lastum/

 

You are not (Plural)

 

لَيْسوا

 

/laysoo/

 

They are not

 

 

 


 

 

Example:

 

هِيَ لَيْسَتْ سارَةَ

 

/hiya laysat saarata/

 

She is not Sara

 

 

 


 

 

غَيْرُ

 

/ghayru/

 

Is a negation tool for adjectives

 

As in

 

غَيْرُ جَيِّدٍ

 

/ghayru jayyidin/

 

Not good

 

 

 


 

 

غَيْرُ كافٍ

 

/ghayru kaafin/

 

Means

 

Not enough

 

 

 


 

 

لَمْ

 

/lam/

 

Is used to express an action that did not happen in the past.

 

The used verb has the form of present tense

 

As in

 

لَمْ أَذْهَبْ إِلى السُّوقِ

 

/lam ʼaTHhab ʼilaa issooqi/ 

 

I did not go to the market

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

لَمْ أَتَناوَلْ الفُطورَ

 

/lam ʼatanaawal ilfuToora/

 

I did not have breakfast

 

لَمْ أُقابِلْ صَديقي

 

/lam ʼuqaabil Sadeeqee/

 

I did not meet my friend

 

 

 


 

 

لا

 

/laa/

 

Is a negation tool for present tense for habits and dislikes

 

لا أَشْرَبُ القَهْوَةَ

 

/laa ʼashrabu ilqahwata/

 

I do not drink coffee

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

لا أُمارِسُ الرِّياضَةَ

 

/laa ʼumaarisu irryaadhata/

 

I do not work out

 

لا أَتَكَلَّمُ العَرَبِيَّةَ

 

/laa ʼatakallamu ilʻarabiyyata/

 

I do not speak Arabic

 

 

 


 

 

لَنْ

 

/lan/

 

Is a negation tool for future tense

 

 

 


 

 

Examples:

 

لَنْ نَذْهَبَ

 

/lan naTHhaba/

 

We will not go

 

لَنْ أُمارِسَ

 

/lan ʼumaarisa/

 

I will not practice

 

 

 


 

 

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