Introduction to grammar


Arabic has 2 types of sentences:


- Nominal


 الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ 


/aTTaqsu laTeefun/


The weather is nice


- Verbal


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 


/ʼakala irrajulu ittuffaaHata/


The man ate the apple


Verbal sentences begin with a verb (فِعْل) and contain a subject (فاعِلْ)


أَكَلَ  الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ 


أَكَلَ ----> فِعْل 


الرَّجُلُ ----> فاعِلْ 


The subject is a part of a sentence that shows who is performing the action.


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ




Is the subject of the sentence 


The object is a noun (or pronoun) that is governed by a verb or a preposition.


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ




Is the object of the sentence


Example of verbal sentence:


أَكَلَ الوَلَدُ التُّفَّاحَةَ


/ʼakala ilwaladu ittuffaaHata/


The boy ate the apple 


Example of verbal sentence:


كَتَبَتْ فَرَحُ رِسالَةً


/katabat faraHu risaalatan/

Farah wrote a letter


Arabic tends to prefer the order in the sentence


verb + subject + object


أَكَلَ الرَّجُلُ التُّفَّاحَةَ


Rather than


subject + verb + object


 الرَّجُلُ أَكَلَ التُّفَّاحَةَ


Nominal sentences begin with either a noun (اِسْم) or a pronoun (ضَمير).


It might have a verb but it will not start with it.


Example of nominal sentence:


الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ


/aTTaqsu laTeefun/


The weather is nice


Nominal sentences have two parts:


An indicate and a predicate which are called


مُبْتَدَأ وَ خَبَر


As in


الطَّقْسُ لَطيفٌ


The word الطَّقْسُ is the indicate and لَطيفٌ is the predicate.


The indicate is the main component in the sentence.


 السَّماءُ صافِيَةٌ 


/assamaaʼu Saafiyatun/


The sky is clear


Example of nominal sentence:


الشَّرْقُ الأَوْسَطُ


/asharqu ilʼawsaTu/


The Middle East


Arabic has no "Is" or "Are" 


As in


اسْمي فَرَحُ


/ismee faraHu/


My name is Farah


In Arabic it would be 


I Farah

    For more info regarding the Arabic alphabet and how to learn Arabic online, you can download the Arabic learning app Kaleela application to learn Arabic the right way.     * Below the link for iOS:…   * Below the link for Android:…