The Definite and Indefinite Articles in Arabic - Kaleela

The Definite and Indefinite Articles in Arabic

The Definite and Indefinite Articles in Arabic

In English, definite nouns are usually preceded by “the” (i.e. the book, the students) and indefinite nouns with “a”,  “an”  or no article at all(i.e. a student, tables). Arabic also kind of works the same way as it has definite and indefinite nouns. In Arabic, the Arabic definite article attaches to the word that it precedes.

theالـ
the bookالـكتاب



When the definite article comes before a noun, then that noun is a definite noun. and this includes the names of cities, countries, regions, and people. On the other hand, nouns without an article in front of them are usually indefinite.

a bookكتاب



How you should  pronounce the definite article is totally dependent on the letter that comes after it. In the example below it is pronounced “al” like the nickname for Albert or Alvin and the letters that follow this pattern are called “moon letters” (الحروف القمرية).

the moonالـقـمرmoonقـمر 



When الـ is attached to words that begin with certain letters known as “sun letters” (الحروف الشمسية), the l isn’t pronounced at all. Instead the first letter of the word is either pronounced twice or stressed. This is the case in the example below.

the sunالـشّمسsunشمس 



See that symbol  in the example above that kind of looks like a slanted “w”?  That symbol is a called a shadda. Whenever two identical consonants appear right next to each other, only one consonant is written, and the shadda is written after it, indicating that it is doubled.

The sun letters are used in the examples below:

the sunالـشّمسsunشّمسش 
the manالـرّجـلmanرّجـلر 
the fireالـنّــارfireنّــارن 
the magicالـسّحـرmagicسّحـرس 
the weatherالـطّـقسweatherطّـقسل 
the nightالـلّـيـلnightلّـيـللّ 
the date (fruit)الـتّـمـرdate (fruit)تّـمـرت 
the snowالثّلجsnowثّلجث 
the hensالدّجاجhenدّجاجد 
the goldالذّهبgoldذّهبذ 
the giraffeالزّرافةgiraffeزّرافةز 
the pictureالصّورةpictureصّورةص 
the frogالضّفدعfrogضّفدعض 
the mudالطّينmudطّينط 
the backالظّهرbackظّهرظ 



Half of the 28 consonants in the Arabic alphabet are sun-letters while the other half are moon-letters. Recognizing and remembering these letters will help you determine how to pronounce them when it comes to Arabic speaking practice.

Arabic Indefinite Articles

To use the indefinite article in Arabic, you really don’t add anything at all –simply just leave the word with no article. However, especially when you write in Arabic, there is a small modification that occurs at the end of the word, called a nunation (adding the suffix “un”):


A house = bait +un = baitun  بيتٌ.

The “un” is expressed by this symbol ( ُ or  ٌ ) when written in Arabic as in the example above.

Since the nunation is belongs solely to the indefinite article you cannot apply it to the definite article,

The star = annajm النجم , a star = najmun نجمٌ .



Did you enjoy this article on Arabic articles? Would you like to know more about how easy learning Arabic grammar can be? Visit our website and download the Kaleela Arabic learning app, and start learning Arabic today! Along with Modern Standard Arabic, you can learn other Arabic dialects like Egyptian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, and now, even Syrian Arabic! And Kaleela is so convenient – you can learn Arabic anytime, anywhere and at a pace that’s comfortable for you! Check it out free from Google Play or kaleela.com.


Kaleela –Learn Arabic the Right Way!