Vocabulary for Arabic Holidays – Islamic Holidays In Middle East
With Eid al Adha approaching in just a few weeks, we thought this would be a great time to learn Arabic vocabulary for holidays. In addition, we’re going to give you a few greetings that you can learn to wish your friends who are celebrating a happy holidays in Arabic.
In most Arabic speaking countries, there are two major holidays: Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر) and Eid Al-Adha (عيد الاضحى).
Eid al- Fitr (عيد الفطر)
Firstly, Eid al- Fitr (عيد الفطر) is the Eid holiday celebrating the breaking of the fast of Ramadan. It usually starts with Muslims going to the (مسجد) masjid (mosque) and praying special Eid prayers. This is generally followed by shopping, visiting family and friends wearing new clothes and sweet perfumes, eating traditional sweet dishes, feasting, and gift-giving.
Eid Al-Adha (عيد الاضحى)
Secondly, Eid Al-Adha (عيد الاضحى) the “Festival of the Sacrifice”, is the second of the two Islamic holidays celebrated each year worldwide. It is also considered the holier of the two Eid holidays. It is a solemn tribute to the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son in obedience to God’s command. The holidays usually include Eid prayers, animal sacrifice (usually sheep, but sometimes camels), giving of (insert Arabic here) Zakat (charity), social gatherings, festive meals, and gift-giving.
Of course, most Arabic speaking countries have different religious and secular Eid holidays and may include:
- المولد النبوي /almawlid il nabawee / Prophet Muhammad’s birthday
- السنة الهجرية /al sana al hijriya / Islamic New Year
- الكريسماس /alkrismas / Christmas
- عيد العمال / ‘eed al 3omaal / Labour Day
- يوم راس السنة / yawm ras al sana / New Year’s Day
- عيد الام/ ‘eed al um / Mother’s Day
- عيد ميلاد / ‘eed meelad / Birthday
- يوم كدبة نيسان / yawm kithbit neesaan / April Fool’s Day
- عيد الاستقلال / ‘eed al istiklaal / Independence Day
- شم النسيم /sham al naseem/ Easter
- عيد الاب / ‘eed al ab / Father’s Day
- الهالوين / al haluween / Halloween
- عيد الطفل / ‘eed al tifl / Children’s Day
- عيد الحب / ‘eed il hub / Valentine’s Day
So now that you know some of the holidays, here are some common greetings to wish your friends happy holidays in Arabic during the Eid holidays: